CDM OPPORTUNITIES RELATED TO EMISSION REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES IN INDONESIA URBAN LAND TRANSPORT

Salim, Nasrullah (2002) CDM OPPORTUNITIES RELATED TO EMISSION REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES IN INDONESIA URBAN LAND TRANSPORT.

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Abstract

Clean Development Mechanism, as stated under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, is the only instrument to allow Annex-1 Countries (Industrialized Countries and Countries with economies in transition) to acquire credit for greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction through projects undertaken in non annex-1 countries (mostly developing countries). Article 12 of the Protocol defined that CDM has two objectives, i.e. to assist annex-1 countries in achieving compliance with their commitment and to help non annex-1 countries in achieving sustainable development. In order to respond to the Kyoto Protocol particularly on CDM mechanism, Government institutions, NGO’s as well as industry and professionals associations have been conducted various activities in forms of seminars, and roundtable discussions. The results have created an understanding among stakeholders on the CDM. Few studies indicated that most potential CDM project lay in the energy sector. During First LTD (long-term development) the use of energy resource was dramatically increased. The primary energy consumption increased almost nine times from 50.06 million BOE in the first year of PJP I (1967/68) to 428.58 BOE in the last year (1998/1999). In the demand sectors, the consumption pattern has shifted considerably from the household sector to the industry and transport sector. The transportation sector has now emerged as the biggest energy-consuming sector in the country and the growth of energy demand in this sector tends to be the fastest. Soedomo, et.al, (1992), in “Air Quality Status of Five Big Cities, Medan, Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, and Surabaya”, stated that those five major cities already have serious air quality problems and the level of air pollution in Jakarta and Bandung are the worst among them. Therefore, studies need to be undertaken on how effort to reduce greenhouse gas emission in transportation sector particularly in Jakarta and Bandung, can be presented as potential CDM projects. In this study, however, only the city of Jakarta will be reviewed and analyzed. In analysing the possible future developments, three scenarios were developed, consisting of a business as usual (BAU) scenario with annual growth rate 8% of Jakarta and two alternative scenarios assume a Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) growth rate of respectively, 50% higher and lower than that corresponds to the BAU.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Collections > Koleksi Perpustakaan Di Indonesia > Perpustakaan Di Indonesia > JKPKJPLH > Member > eriell@pelangi.or.id
Divisions: Universitas Komputer Indonesia > Perpustakaan UNIKOM
Depositing User: M.Kom Taryana Suryana
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2016 07:38
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2016 07:38
URI: https://repository.unikom.ac.id/id/eprint/3686

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