Compromise Rescues Kyoto Protocol

Watson, Traci (2002) Compromise Rescues Kyoto Protocol.

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BONN, Germany — After marathon talks, diplomats from 178 nations drafted a compromise Monday that preserved a landmark global-warming treaty from near-collapse. Negotiators argued through the night Sunday and early Monday about the detailed rule book governing the treaty, which is designed to cut emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases linked to global warming. Despite appeals from allies at an economic summit in Genoa, Italy, this weekend, President Bush refused to reconsider his rejection of the Kyoto Protocol, which he has called "fatally flawed.""Almost every single country stayed in the protocol," said Olivier Deleuze, the chief negotiator for the European Union. "There was one that said the Kyoto Protocol was flawed. Do you see the Kyoto Protocol flawed?" Undersecretary of State Paula Dobriansky, who led the U.S. delegation through four days of grueling negotiations in Bonn, said the deal will not require the United States to fund any part of the treaty — one of Bush's chief concerns. "Although the United States does not intend to ratify that agreement, we have not sought to stop others from moving ahead, so long as legitimate U.S. interests were protected," she said. "This does not change our view the Kyoto Protocol is not sound policy." Dobriansky drew boos from the gallery when she said the Bush administration was committed to tackling climate change. The negotiations in Bonn worked out rules to govern the Kyoto pact, which would commit industrialized nations to cut emissions of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide from cars, power plants and factories. Every nation at the talks had some objections to the compromise version of the rules. But many countries, including most developing nations, said they could accept the text as it was. The major exceptions were Japan and Russia. They opposed provisions that would have given the force of law to the treaty's rules on compliance. The rules called for countries to pay penalties if they didn't make their emission cuts on time. Negotiators solved the problem by delaying the date when the compliance system would become legally binding. Now that much of the fine print of the treaty has been written, nations can start thinking in earnest about whether to approve the protocol. Most nations say they would like to see the treaty take effect in 2002, the 10th anniversary of the United Nations Earth Summit. Officials at the conference were optimistic that countries would agree to sign on. "The Bonn agreement will make it possible to ratify the Kyoto Protocol," said Michael Zammit Cutajar, head of the U.N. agency for global warming. But obstacles remain. To take effect, the treaty must be ratified by 55 nations responsible for 55% of industrialized nations' carbon-dioxide emissions in 1990. (Koleksi Perpustakaan Pelangi)

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Collections > Koleksi Perpustakaan Di Indonesia > Perpustakaan Di Indonesia > JKPKJPLH > Perpustakaan PELANGI Indonesia > Climate Change > Magazine Articles
Divisions: Universitas Komputer Indonesia > Perpustakaan UNIKOM
Depositing User: M.Kom Taryana Suryana
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2016 07:38
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2016 07:38

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